Cross training as a mountain runner – will winter work pay off?

With the summer trail running season about to begin in earnest it will soon be clear whether the many hours, kilometres and metres climbed during winter training have paid off.

Without the need to rest for, or recover from races, the winter season is where the majority of my training takes place. It allows me to train consistently and build a big base, ready for the summer of racing.

How much training is necessary to be at your best is a continually debated subject but what type of training you do is an extremely important factor.

Ultimately, I believe that running isn’t good for you in the large quantities required for trail or ultra racing, especially if you try to do it for 12 months a year over a long career. So how do you build the big engine required without the injury risk of too many running miles?

Cross training the key

Jon Albon Kilian Jornet photo credit ralphndl on instagram
Jon Albon and Kilian Jornet [Photo credit @ralphndl on instagram]

The majority of my training during the winter is spent not running. This started during the years that I had a persistent foot injury forcing me to get creative with how to exercise but limit how much running I was doing.

Since getting the foot fixed this training ethos of being able to do more hours using other forms of training has stuck. I am now a firm believer that finding a form of cross training that is easier on the body is key to putting in the hours required and keeping injury free as well as healthy in the long term.

Living in Norway my favourite form of cross training is skiing. When I lived in London, I supplemented running with cycling which also works really well.

Skiing and / or cycling
MonthHoursClimb (m)
January6338,543
February6941,322
March6342,795
April5436,480
May2519,160
My skiing and cycling totals so far in 2022

The key is to find a form of cross training which is fun enough that you can spend many hours doing it without thinking it a chore, and one that will allow you to get your heart rate up the same as running. You can then supplement this form of training into your plan, including a higher ratio of running the closer you get to your priority races.

Running
MonthHoursClimb (m)Distance (km)
January143,531172
February144,565174
March166,847197
April3915,643354
May5331,710444
How the running time – and climbing – have panned out in 2022

This approach to training has many benefits but also a few drawbacks, the main one being the increased injury risk when upping your running volume ready for the summer. You have to listen to your body constantly and adjust volume based on how your body reacts, so your legs are prepared to take the abuse of running races, but you don’t pick up an injury along the way.

Total
MonthHoursClimb (m)
January7742,074
February8345,887
March7949,642
April9352,123
May7850,870
And the combined training totals so far in 2022

Specific sessions where I know I am going to ‘pound my legs’ downhill are required so I can gradually acclimatise them to the abuse that comes with racing in the mountains.

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Seasonal adjustments

Jon Albon training volume in 2021 Strava fitness
Strava’s estimate of my fitness based on heartrate training data for 2021 season

Through the winter my running mileage was somewhere between 30 and 50km per week (mainly on the treadmill) with the majority of hours spent on the skis.

During the spring the running miles steadily increased and the skiing hours reduced.

Now in June, I do the majority of my training running with some cycling depending on how my legs are feeling. I have completed some specific race simulation training sessions and even competed in a few smaller events to get some racing practice.

Time will tell

So will this approach prove as successful for me as previous years? Only time will tell.

My first priority race is the 42km Marathon Du Mont-Blanc on the 26th of June but the main goal of the year isn’t until the UTMB CCC in August.

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